The Mesopotamia Campaign


After the reorganization and preparations carried out in second half of 1916, Baghdad was finally captured after a series of hard fought battles in March 1917. These operations completely transformed the military situation in Mesopotamia and produced far reaching political effects.

The 1917 campaign was largely the responsibility of Indian troops. India provided over 75% of the overall forces, as well as almost all the river-craft, railway material and personnel. Without this significant contribution, provided at great cost by India, the conduct of the operations and capture of Baghdad would have been impossible. By the end of the year, the force had reached its maximum strength of over 4,20,000 including followers.

Commemorated on the Basra Memorial

9,781 Indian army casualties recorded on the Basra Memorial for 1917